Rotation type of cropping can be followed.
Drip Irrigation system is best suited for Ridge gourd growing. In this the lateral pipes are laid at an interval of 1.5 Meters and the drippers spaced @ 60cm in between with a water capacity of 3.5 Litres per hour.
N-P-K at the rate of 60-85-75 kg per acre before sowing and N @ 50 kg per acre after 30 days. Spray Ethrel @ 2.5 ml per 10 litres of water after 15 days of sowing and once in a week after that. This will help increase in yield.
Removal of weeds and earthing up of soil to the plants to be carried out before application of fertilisers. Application of Fluchloralin @ 2.5 kg per acre or Bensulide @ 15 Kg per acre to the filed 15 days before sowing helps control weeds.
Pests and Management
Fruit fly (Bacterocera cucurbitae)
Lays eggs on the flowers, fruits and eats the contents of the fruits when the eggs got hatched and become maggots. Causing rotting of the fruits.
To Control this, cover the fruits with polythene bag wrapped around. Remove the affected fruits by hand and destroy them by dipping in hot water with disinfectant solution. Do not throw the affected fruits on the earth. Using Light Trap with poison baits like hanging a coconut shell applied inside with Molasses or Gur paste with Furadan granules, will attract the flies and kill them.
Red Pumpkin Beetle (Aulacophora foveicollis)
Eats Leaves and as a result the leaves become curly, dry and fall down. Their Grubs inside the soil eat the stem and root portion, resulting in the plant dying.
To control this, granules of Furadon 3 G can be mixed with the soil at the base around the plant.
Aphids (Aphis gossypii)
Suck sap from the leaves. Leaves become curly and fall down. Aphids are also carrier of Mosaic virus.
To control this, spraying the plant with tobacco solution or Malathion(0.1%) can be carried out.
Root knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita acrita)
Attacks roots of the plant by forming knots on the root portion resulting in damage of plants and productivity. Crop rotation, deep ploughing and exposure of the field to sun, applying insecticides before sowing can control this disease.