French Beans Cultivation

Cropping Patterns

Intercropping is one of the most important way to increase the productivity of the crop. It can be intercropped with several crops like maize, soybean, popcorn, groundnut and rice which helps in giving a better yield. The rotation also depends on the area. In uplands, it can be grown in the month of August or September after maize production. In some areas, intercropping of pole beans with corn or okra as stalk gives higher yield and also okra stalk makes itself a brilliant support for the vine to climb.

Water Management

French bean is a shallow rooted crop, thus it becomes a sensitive crop to both water stress and water logging. It is necessary that only required amount of water reaches the crop. If some amount of moisture remains after rainy season, it is very good for the plant growth. If the plant is subjected to water stress conditions when the flowers are in pre blooming stage and pod filling stage, it adversely affects the plant productivity. If the french bean cultivation is done on black cotton soil, there are chances of water logging and hence it is advisable to grow the french bean on ridges. The plant can be irrigated through furrow irrigation method rather than the regular irrigation. Irrigation totally depends on the type of cultivar, soil as well as the climate conditions. If there is water deficit during vegetative period, it retards plant growth and leads to non uniform growth. It is required that the plants are properly irrigated during flowering period which ultimately leads to good yield, but also if there is water logging it might increase disease incidence. The french bean crop can be supplemented with partial or full irrigation, depending on the variety.

Nutrient Management

French bean is a leguminous crop and since it has its own capacity to fix nitrogen, its requirement for fertilizer is relatively lower than other crops.