Cabbage Cultivation

About the Crop

Crop Name


Common Name


Scientific Name

Brassica oleracea

Name in Indian languages

Patta Gobhi & Paat Gobhi (Hindi), Muttai kosu (Tamil), Kosu gadda (Telugu), Ele kosu (Kannada), Kobi (Marathi), Band gobi (Punjabi)

Origin, Distribution and Uses

Cabbage is said to have originated in Europe especially Britain. The varieties of cabbage were introduced in Germany, France. German gardeners developed the savoy cabbage during the 16th century. Cabbage was a staple food in countries as Germany, England, Ireland and Russia during the 17th and 18th centuries. Pickled cabbage is found commonly in many western countries.

Area, Production and Productivity

Cabbage is a common vegetable grown all over India and many parts of the world. As cabbage is very convenient to grow, it is grown on large and small-scale. Cabbage is grown all over India but it is popularly grown in Southern States and in northern India. Cabbage is available in India through out the year due to its high productivity and many varieties.

Cultivation Requirements

Cabbage can be grown in variety of climatic conditions but cool moist climate is most suitable for its growth as it dries off soon in dry warm weather. The temperature for cabbage seed germination is 12 to 16 degrees centigrade.

Climate and Seasons

Cabbage is grown in all the seasons and mostly all over India. Cabbage grows well in winter as cold climate suits well for the growth.


Cabbage can be grown in a variety of soils like sandy and well drained heavy soils but the preferred soil variety is sandy loam soils. The preferred soil pH for cabbage is between 6.0 to 6.5. Cabbage is moderately tolerant to salty soils.