- It is effective to prepare the soil with organic manure and thus 15 to 20 tonnes of well decomposed FYM can be added to the soil. Farm yard Manure consists of decomposed cattle dung mixture and remains of food stalks.
- Apart from FYM, many other organic manure like farm compost, urban compost, biogas slurry, compost manure etc can also be added as organic manure.
- An optimum amount of micronutrients should be incorporated in the brinjal cultivation. Nitrogen is taken up by the plant as nitrate which is converted to ammonium in plant and utilized as protein. In order to provide adequate nutrition, 100kg to 150kg of nitrogen is used as basal input.
- Phosphorus is taken by the plant as phosphate anion and its deficiency may lead to stunted growth. 50kg of phosphorus can be added as basal dose and 1% super phosphate solution of 10g/litre can be sprayed for fresh growth.
- Potassium plays an important role in plant metabolism and its deficiency may lead to stunted growth and reduction in leaf size. As basal dose, 50 kg of can be potassium can be added and 0.5% 5g/L potassium chloride can be sprayed later.
Weeds compete with the main plant for space, nutrients and light and if not controlled effectively reduce the plant productivity. It is very important to check weed growth to ensure proper soil aeration and plant root development. Manual methods like hand weeding and hoeing can be used to remove the weeds. Another very effective method is black polythene mulching, which prevents light entry and hence doesn’t allow weed germination. Apart from these certain chemicals or weedicides can also be used to destroy them or prevent there growth. Fluchloralin at 1.5kg/ ha or Oxadiazon at 0.5 kg/ha or Alachlor at 1.5kg/ha can be applied along with manual weeding to control weeds effectively.