Brinjal Cultivation

  • The seeds can be treated with 4g/kg of seeds with Trichoderma Viride or Thiram at 2g/kg of seed which avoids any fungal disease.
  • The seeds can also be treated with 40g/400g of seeds with Azospirillum which in turn helps in better nitrogen fixation.
  • Some of the varieties of brinjal seeds become dormant and it becomes very important to break the dormancy for proper germination. The dormancy can be broken by storing the seeds for duration of 12 months at an ambient temperature.

Transplanting

Seeds are sown 2-3cm deep and covered with layer of soil and is lightly watered. The beds are covered with grass or straw which helps in maintaining appropriate temperature and moisture. Post germination, the straw or grass needs to be removed. The seedlings are hardened during the last week in nursery after which they are transplanted for planting within 4 to 6 weeks. They reach a height of nearly 12 to 15 cm when they are carefully uprooted and transplanted in the prepared field without injuring the roots. Transplanting should be preferably done during evening time. It is advisable to dip the roots in Dimethoate at 0.02%, 6 hours prior to transplanting for controlling little leaf disease by avoiding jassids infestation.

Spacing

Brinjal is a cross pollinated species and hence requires appropriate spacing. Spacing largely depends on variety and season of planting. In case of the spreading type, spacing may range between 75 × 60 cm to 75 × 75 cm. In case of non spreading and bushy variety, the spacing should be 50 to 60 cm from row to row and from plant to plant.

Cropping Patterns

Brinjal is susceptible to pest manifestation by range of pest and in order to minimise that, it can be grown with any other crops. It is a highly cross pollinated crop and inter specific hybridisation is practised so that resistance characteristics can pass from the wild cultivars to commercial ones. It can also be intercropped with many other crops like marigold, cabbage, maize, soya etc for better yield and harvest. The chances of bacterial wilt disease reduces if it is rotated wit French bean. Cropping rotation with sorghum and wheat helps in preventing from rot knot and nematodes.

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