Brinjal Cultivation

6. Vaishali

It was developed in MPKV, Maharashtra and it is a dwarf variety, with purple coloured oval fruit with white strips on it. It gives an average yield of 30 t/ha.

7. Arka Navneet

It was released by IIHR, Bangalore. The fruits are oval and oblong, with deep purple coloration and also has very good cooking qualities. It can be picked in 150 – 160 days and average yield is 65 – 70 t/ha.

8. Manjri Gota

It was developed in MPKV, Maharashtra and the variety is a dwarf one with oval shaped purple coloured fruit, which attains a golden yellowish colour on maturation. It gives an average yield of 15 – 20 t/ha.

9. Pusa Purple Cluster

It is released from IARI, New Delhi, with small and dark purple fruits which are ready for picking in 75 days after transplanting. It is resistant to little leaf disease.

10. Arka Keshav

It was developed in IIHR, Bangalore with high resistant to bacterial wilt and the fruits are tender, which can be harvested within 150 days with an average yield of 45 t/ha.

11. Arka Ankur

It was developed in IIHR, Bangalore and fruits are oval and small in size with purple colour which is glossy in appearance. It can be picked after 45 days of transplantation.

12. Swetha

It is resistant to bacterial wilt and gives a high yield. It was developed in Kerala Agricultural University and gives an average yield of 30 t/ha.

Crop Management

Field Preparation

In order to grow brinjal, proper drainage is very important and it is to be ensured that the soil is prepared to fine tilth by ploughing it 4 to 6 times. For better productivity FYM should be mixed with soil before sowing the seeds and after final ploughing. Bulky organic manure like rotten crowding or compost can be mixed with the soil. The soil should be sterilized by chemical means like using steam and solar energy and physical means like steam and solar energy.

Propagation

Seeds of brinjal are used for propagation. After the land is suitably prepared as per requirement, seeds are sown and transplanted according after germination.

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