About the Crop
Ladies finger, Okra.
Name in Indian languages
Bhendi (Hindi), Vendaikai (Tamil), Vendakka (Malayalam), Bendekaya (Telugu), Bende Kayi (Kannada), Bhinda (Gujarati), Dherasa (Bengali)
Origin, Distribution and Uses
Cultivated in Tropical regions around world, it is highly nutritious and has anti oxidant properties. Its seeds are used as coffee seeds for preparation of decoction for drinking. Believed to have originated in South Asia, it is cultivated in tropical regions around the world. Places of production in India are States of Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and U.P.
Area, Production and Productivity
In India, Bhendi is cultivated in approximately 8,50,000 acres. Productivity is estimated at 24mt per acre.
Climate and Seasons
Generally it can be grown in all climates except during winter, since the plant seeds require a minimum Temperature of 25oC to germinate.
Bhendi can be grown in all kinds of soil. Loam soil is better suited.
Pusa Sawani, Pusa Mukhamali, Parbhani Kranti, Kamini Padmini, Vaishali, Vagmi.
Before sowing, the field is to be prepared well. It requires at least two to three ploughings of the soil thoroughly.
Then it is to be left for sterilizing either through exposing the field to sun rays or through herbicides for effective removal of any soil borne organisms or pests.
Propagation of Bhendi is direct, through sowing of seeds only.
Sowing, Nursery and Transplanting
Approximately 11 kg of seeds required per acre for summer season and 22 kg per acre during rainy season.
Before sowing the Bhendi seeds are to be soaked in a 2% solution of Carbendazim (Bavistin) for about 6 hours and dried in shade.
The seeds are sown 60 cm x 30 cm.