Pests and Management
Red Beetle (Aulacophora foveicollis)
Pests are in Red colour, hatches white coloured Grubs feeds on the roots, stem and fruits touching the soil. When grown eats leaf and flowers. Spray Malathion 50 EC 500 ml or Methyl Demeton 25 EC at the rate of 1.235 Liters per acre. Thoroughly plough the field immediately after harvesting and expose the field to sun to destroy hibernating pests. Collect adult beetles physically and destroy them.
Pumpkin Caterpillar (Diaphania indica)
Eggs are laid on lower side of the leaves Larva having Bright Green colour. Creates cocoons inside the leaves and feeds on the leaves. Later it eats into Flowers and bores into fruits and feeds on them. To manage this condition spray Malathion EC or Dimethoate or Methyl Demeton, at the rate of 1.235 Liters per acre. Collect and destroy Caterpillars at the early stage.
Fruit flies puncture the fruits and insert their eggs inside the fruits. Their Maggots feed on the fruits resulting in the fruits becoming damaged and rotten. To manage this condition it is preferable to use bait traps with Carbofuran granules with Malathion 50 EC at the rate of 2 ml per liter.
The pests and their grubs scrape the leaf surface and eats resulting in Skeleton formation of leaf and eventually they fall down. To manage this condition spray Malathion 50 EC at the rate of 2 ml per liter. Collect the beetles and destroy.
American Serpentine Leaf Miner
Eats chlorophyll of the leaves leaving a white trail with snake like white lines on the leaves.
To control this Neem Oil emulsion application at the rate of 2.5% per liter of water is required.