Ash Gourd Cultivation

Cultivation Requirements

Climate and Seasons

Generally in India, Ash Gourd can be grown throughout the year, where only mild winters are experienced, like South India.
But According to studies made, the ideal time for Sowing is January to March and September to December. In North India, it is suggested to sow October to November. Sowing in October can prevent Mosaic Virus to an extent.

Soils

Deep loamy soil with pH range of 5 to 7.5 with warm tropical climate is suitable for Ash Gourd cultivation.

Varieties

1. KAU LOCAL

Developed by Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, Kerala.
Oval shaped fruits having high flesh thickness, length 45 to 55 cm and weight 6 to 8 Kg. Yield about 70 tons per acre.

2. INDU AG1

Round shaped fruits with high flesh thickness, length 24 cm weighing about 4 to 5 Kg each.
This variety is tolerant to Mosaic virus disease.

3. CO-1

Developed by TNAU, fruits are oblong oval shaped.
This is a local selection variety of Tamilnadu, each fruit weighing 8 to 10 Kg with crop duration 140 to 150 days.
Yield about 50 to 60 Kgs per acre.

4. CO-2

Selection from Coimbatore local variety. Fruits are oblong in shape.
Each fruit weighs about 2 to 4 Kg with crop duration 120 to 130 days. Yield about 84 tons per acre.

5. TNAU ASH GOURD HYBRID CO-1

This variety is a Hybrid of PAG 3 X CO-2
Fruits are medium sized and oblong shaped weighing about 4 to 5 Kg each with crop duration 120 to 130 days.
Yield about 225 tons per acre.

6. APAU Shakthi

Developed by APAU, Hyderabad, fruits are long, cylindrical in shape.
Yield is about 75 to 84 tons per acre with crop duration of 140 to 180 days.

7. IVAG-502

Developed by IIVR Varanasi, fruits are oblong shaped and weighs 12 to 13 Kg each fruit.
Yield about 75 to 85 tons per acre.

8. EKALAVYA

Developed by innovative farmer, Shri A.S.Joy of Thrissur, Kerala as a Hybrid. This is a Mosaic resistant variety.
Fruits weigh 12 Kg. Crop duration 140 days. Yield 250 tons per acre.

Crop Management

Field Preparation

Pits of 60 cm diameter and 30-45 cm depth are taken at 4.5 x 2.0 m spacing. Well rotten FYM and fertilizers are mixed with topsoil in the field.

Propagation

Propagation through seeds, planted in pits or furrows directly. The seedlings after developing veins allowed to train in soil surface.

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