The sources are Makkal TV program and internet (I think it is Vanashree and GreenLocal).
Row1Tree1 <10feet> Tree2 <10feet> Tree3 ...
| 12 feet space between rows
Row2Tree1 <10feet> Tree2 <10feet> Tree3 ...
Row1Tree1 <16feet> Tree2 <16feet> Tree3 ...
| 25 feet space between rows
Row2Tree1 <16feet> Tree2 <16feet> Tree3 ...
The above designs are mainly applicable for Horticulture including Fruits Trees & Timber Trees etc.
I am not saying the land need to be Square or Rectangular but whatever the shape of the land, we need to maintain the distance between the trees for optimal growth.
Has anybody come across more designs or even architecture of the land for visualizing the entire area and for better utilization. Please share.
TOC of above link
Establishment of orchard
Location and site
Planning of an orchard
Laying out of orchards
a) Vertical row planting pattern
1. Square system
2. Rectangular system
b) Alternate row planting pattern
3. Hexagonal System
4. Diagonal or quincunx system
5. Triangular system
6. Contour system
Plant population equation
Factors which decide the planting distance
The total number of trees per hectare for various important horticultural crops under a) square b) hexagonal and c) triangular system of planting
High density planting system
Advantages of HDP
Characteristics of HDP
Planting system for HDP
Multitier system of cropping
hope this helps